Affordable IVF treatment for infertile couples in USA, UK, Australia, Middle East, Africa, Russia & Japan
What is Infertility ?
Infertility actually means not being able to get pregnant after 1
year of trying (or 6 months if a woman is 35 or older). Women who
can get pregnant but are unable to stay pregnant may also be
infertile. About 10% of women (6.1 million) in the United States
ages 15-44 have difficulty getting pregnant or staying pregnant,
according to the CDC.
Becoming a mother is the result of a process that has many steps.
To get pregnant:
A woman’s body must release an egg from one of her ovaries
The egg must go through a fallopian tube toward the uterus
A man’s sperm must join with (fertilize) the egg along the way.
The fertilized egg must attach to the inside of the uterus
Infertility can happen if there are problems with any of these
Infertility is common problem . About 10% of women (6.1 million)
in the United States ages 15-44 have difficulty getting pregnant
or staying pregnant, according to the Centers for Disease Control
and Prevention .
Also one has to know that infertility is not always a woman’s
problem. Both women and men can have problems that cause
infertility. About one-third of infertility cases are caused by
women’s problems. Another one third of fertility problems are due
to the man. The other cases are caused by a mixture of male and
female problems or by unknown problems.
Infertility in Men is due to numerous reasons,Infertility in men
is most often caused by:
A problem called varicocele (VAIR-ih-koh-seel). This happens when
the veins on a man’s testicle(s) are too large. This heats the
testicles. The heat can affect the number or shape of the sperm.
Other factors that cause a man to make too few sperm or none at
Movement of the sperm. This may be caused by the shape of the
sperm. Sometimes injuries or other damage to the reproductive
system block the sperm.
Sometimes a man is born with the problems that affect his sperm.
Other times problems start later in life due to illness or
injury. For example, cystic fibrosis often causes infertility in
Whereas infertility is women are caused by problems with
ovulation. Without ovulation, there are no eggs to be fertilized.
Some signs that a woman is not ovulating normally include
irregular or absent menstrual periods.
Ovulation problems are often caused by polycystic ovarian
syndrome (PCOS). PCOS is a hormone imbalance problem which can
interfere with normal ovulation. PCOS is the most common cause of
female infertility. Primary ovarian insufficiency (POI) is
another cause of ovulation problems. POI occurs when a woman’s
ovaries stop working normally before she is 40. POI is not the
same as early menopause.
Common causes of fertility problems in women include:
Blocked fallopian tubes due to pelvic inflammatory disease,
endometriosis, or surgery for an ectopic pregnancy
Physical problems with the uterus
Uterine fibroids, which are non-cancerous clumps of tissue and
muscle on the walls of the uterus.
How can ART help you to treat infertility?
Assisted reproductive technology (ART) is a group of different
methods used to help infertile couples. ART works by removing
eggs from a woman’s body. The eggs are then mixed with sperm to
make embryos. The embryos are then put back in the woman’s body.
While Bloom IVF clinics ( www.bloomivf.com) offer the best ART
success rates in India & Asia Pacific Region. Also Success rates
vary and depend on many factors. Some things that affect the
success rate of ART include:
Age of the partners
Reason for infertility
Type of ART
If the egg is fresh or frozen
If the embryo is fresh or frozen
The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention collects
success rates on ART for some fertility clinics. According to a
2014 CDC report on ART, the average percentage of ART cycles that
led to a live birth were:
39 percent in women under the age of 35
30 percent in women aged 35-37
21 percent in women aged 37-40
11 percent in women aged 41-42
Fertility Treatment can be expensive and time-consuming. But it
has allowed many couples to have children that otherwise would
not have been conceived. The most common complication of ART is
multiple fetuses. But this is a problem that can be prevented or
minimized in several different ways.
What are the different types of ART treatments?
In vitro fertilization (IVF) means fertilization outside of the body. IVF is the most effective ART. It is often used when a woman’s fallopian tubes are blocked or when a man produces too few sperm. Doctors treat the woman with a drug that causes the ovaries to produce multiple eggs. Once mature, the eggs are removed from the woman. They are put in a dish in the lab along with the man’s sperm for fertilization. After 3 to 5 days, healthy embryos are implanted in the woman’s uterus.
Zygote intrafallopian transfer (ZIFT) or Tubal Embryo Transfer is similar to IVF. Fertilization occurs in the laboratory. Then the very young embryo is transferred to the fallopian tube instead of the uterus.
Gamete intrafallopian transfer (GIFT) involves transferring eggs and sperm into the woman’s fallopian tube. So fertilization occurs in the woman’s body. Few practices offer GIFT as an option.
Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) is often used for couples in which there are serious problems with the sperm. Sometimes it is also used for older couples or for those with failed IVF attempts. In ICSI, a single sperm is injected into a mature egg. Then the embryo is transferred to the uterus or fallopian tube.
ART procedures sometimes involve the use of donor eggs (eggs from another woman), donor sperm, or previously frozen embryos. Donor eggs are sometimes used for women who can not produce eggs. Also, donor eggs or donor sperm is sometimes used when the woman or man has a genetic disease that can be passed on to the baby. An infertile woman or couple may also use donor embryos. These are embryos that were either created by couples in infertility treatment or were created from donor sperm and donor eggs. The donated embryo is transferred to the uterus. The child will not be genetically related to either parent.
Women with no eggs or unhealthy eggs might also want to consider surrogacy. A surrogate is a woman who agrees to become pregnant using the man’s sperm and her own egg. The child will be genetically related to the surrogate and the male partner. After birth, the surrogate will give up the baby for adoption by the parents.
Women with ovaries but no uterus may be able to use a gestational carrier. This may also be an option for women who shouldn’t become pregnant because of a serious health problem. In this case, a woman uses her own egg. It is fertilized by the man’s sperm and the embryo is placed inside the carrier’s uterus. The carrier will not be related to the baby and gives him or her to the parents at birth.
Recent research by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention showed that ART babies are two to four times more likely to have certain kinds of birth defects. These may include heart and digestive system problems, and cleft (divided into two pieces) lips or palate. Researchers don’t know why this happens. The birth defects may not be due to the technology. Other factors, like the age of the parents, may be involved. More research is needed. The risk is relatively low, but parents should consider this when making the decision to use ART.